- 214 million cases globally
- 438,000 deaths globally
- 90% of deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa
- 70% of deaths are children under five
- About 3.2 billion people – almost half of the world’s population – are at risk of malaria
- In 2015, 97 countries had on-going malaria transmission
- 80% of estimated malaria cases occur in 15 most affected countries
- 35% of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cost of malaria
- Since 2000 malaria has cost sub-Saharan Africa US$ 300 million each year for case management alone
- Malaria is estimated to cost endemic countries up to 1.3% GDP
- Achieving 2030 targets for malaria control will add an estimated US$ 1.2 trillion to endemic countries’ economies
- Malaria can account for up to 40% of public health spending in the most endemic countries
- Malaria and the costs of treatment trap families in a cycle of illness, suffering and poverty
Progress since 2000
Between 2000 and 2015:
- The malaria mortality rate has fallen by 60% globally
- The number of malaria cases has fallen by 37% globally
- As a result, it is estimated that there has been a cumulative 1.2 billion fewer malaria cases and 6.2 million fewer malaria deaths
- 57 countries reduced malaria incidence by more than 75%, and a further 18 reduced malaria incidence by 50-75%.
- Target 6C of MDG 3 ‘to have halted and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria’ was achieved.
Required health expenditure
- In 2014, the global total of international and domestic funding for malaria was US$ 2.5 billion – less than half of what is needed.
- It is estimated that annual investments must increase to US$ 6.4 billion by 2020, then US$ 7.7 billion by 2025, and finally $US 8.7 billion by 2030 – in order to achieve a 90% malaria reduction.