Key Facts

The problem


In 2015:

  • 214 million cases globally
  • 438,000 deaths globally
  • 90% of deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 70% of deaths are children under five
  • About 3.2 billion people – almost half of the world’s population – are at risk of malaria
  • In 2015, 97 countries had on-going malaria transmission
  • 80% of estimated malaria cases occur in 15 most affected countries
  • 35% of malaria deaths occur in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Cost of malaria


  • Since 2000 malaria has cost sub-Saharan Africa US$ 300 million each year for case management alone
  • Malaria is estimated to cost endemic countries up to 1.3% GDP
  • Achieving 2030 targets for malaria control will add an estimated US$ 1.2 trillion to endemic countries’ economies
  • Malaria can account for up to 40% of public health spending in the most endemic countries
  • Malaria and the costs of treatment trap families in a cycle of illness, suffering and poverty

Progress since 2000


Between 2000 and 2015:

  • The malaria mortality rate has fallen by 60% globally
  • The number of malaria cases has fallen by 37% globally
  • As a result, it is estimated that there has been a cumulative 1.2 billion fewer malaria cases and 6.2 million fewer malaria deaths
  • 57 countries reduced malaria incidence by more than 75%, and a further 18 reduced malaria incidence by 50-75%.
  • Target 6C of MDG 3 ‘to have halted and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria’ was achieved.

Required health expenditure


  • In 2014, the global total of international and domestic funding for malaria was US$ 2.5 billion – less than half of what is needed.
  • It is estimated that annual investments must increase to US$ 6.4 billion by 2020, then US$ 7.7 billion by 2025, and finally $US 8.7 billion by 2030 – in order to achieve a 90% malaria reduction.
Key Facts